Also known as the “change of life”, menopause refers to a woman’s final period. This happens naturally for most women between the ages of 45-55, or surgically if ovaries have been removed. Experiencing menopause before the age of 40 is known as premature menopause.
The transition into menopause (or peri-menopause) can be associated with irregular periods, mood changes, irritability & fatigue, hot flushes & sweats, vaginal dryness and loss of libido. Most women will have mild symptoms, but some women experience severe symptoms, and some have no symptoms at all.
What happens after menopause?
- You may experience vaginal dryness and discomfort, especially during intercourse
- You may experience urgency to urinate or loss of control over your bladder
- Your bone density may decrease, putting you at risk of osteoporosis and fractures
- Your mood may change, you may feel anxious or depressed
What can I do about it?
Treatment of menopausal symptoms depends on each individual woman – her lifestyle, relationships, health and wellbeing. These can include:
- natural & lifestyle therapies
- hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
- other prescription medications
It is also important to look after your overall health when you have gone through menopause, and this includes:
- Regular mammograms and cervical screens
- Maintaining a healthy diet and weight. Your diet should include adequate calcium intake for bone health.
- Regular blood pressure and cholesterol checks for cardiovascular health
- Regular exercise and avoidance of smoking
- Seeking medical attention if you have any vaginal bleeding (postmenopausal bleeding) after stopping your periods naturally for 12 months.